States in the USA are the main political and administrative units of the country, each with its government, laws, and rights. The United States of America is a federal republic that consists of 50 states and the District of Columbia. Each state has its history, culture, identity, and government, but they are also united by a common constitution, law, and national interest. This article will give you an overview of the states in the USA, their history, size, and population.

History of States in the USA

History of the states in the USA can be traced back to the original 13 colonies that were established by British settlers along the Atlantic coast in the 17th and 18th centuries. These colonies declared their independence from Great Britain in 1776, after a series of conflicts and grievances that led to the American Revolution.

The colonies then formed a confederation of sovereign states under the Articles of Confederation in 1781. However, this system proved to be ineffective and unstable, so the states decided to create a new constitution that established a federal system of government with a balance of powers between the national and state levels.

The new USA constitution was ratified by all 13 states in 1789, and George Washington became the first president of the United States of America.

Events and Factors that Shaped the States in the USA:

The formation and expansion of the states in the USA were influenced by many events and factors over time, such as wars, treaties, purchases, annexations, and admission acts. Some of the major events and factors that shaped the states in the USA are:

  • Louisiana Purchase in 1803, doubled the size of the United States by acquiring a vast territory from France that stretched from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains.
  • Mexican-American War in 1846-1848, resulted in the United States gaining more land from Mexico that included parts or all of the present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming.
  • Civil War in 1861-1865, was a conflict between the northern states (the Union) and the southern states (the Confederacy) over the issues of slavery, states’ rights, and territorial expansion. The war ended with the defeat of the Confederacy and the preservation of the United States as one nation.
  • Alaska Purchase in 1867, added Alaska as a territory of the United States by buying it from Russia for $7.2 million.
  • Hawaii Annexation in 1898, incorporated Hawaii as a territory of the United States after a group of American businessmen overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy.
  • Admission Acts in various years, granted statehood to different territories or regions after they met certain requirements and conditions. The last two states to join the union were Alaska and Hawaii in 1959.

List of States in the USA

The table below shows the states in the USA in alphabetical order, along with their abbreviations, capitals, nicknames, and dates of admission to the union. The list of all the states in the USA are as follows:

StateAbbreviationCapitalNicknameDate
AlabamaALMontgomeryThe Yellowhammer StateJanuary 3, 1959
AlaskaAKJuneauThe Last FrontierFebruary 14, 1912
ArizonaAZPhoenixThe Grand Canyon StateFebruary 14 , 1912
ArkansasARLittle RockThe Natural StateDecember 14, 1819
CaliforniaCASacramentoThe Golden StateJune 15, 1836
ColoradoCODenverThe Centennial StateSeptember 9, 1850
ConnecticutCTHartfordThe Constitution StateAugust 1, 1876
DelawareDEDoverThe First StateJanuary 9, 1788
FloridaFLTallahasseeThe Sunshine StateDecember 7, 1787
GeorgiaGAAtlantaThe Peach StateMarch 3, 1845
HawaiiHIHonoluluThe Aloha StateJanuary 2, 1788
IdahoIDBoiseThe Gem StateAugust 21, 1959
IllinoisILSpringfieldLand of LincolnJuly 3, 1890
IndianaINIndianapolisThe Hoosier StateDecember 3, 1818
IowaIADes MoinesThe Hawkeye StateDecember 11, 1816
KansasKSTopekaThe Sunflower StateDecember 28, 1846
KentuckyKYFrankfortThe Bluegrass StateJanuary 29, 1861
LouisianaLABaton RougeThe Pelican StateJune 1, 1792
MaineMEAugustaThe Pine Tree StateApril 30, 1812
MarylandMDAnnapolisThe Old Line StateMarch 15, 1820
MassachusettsMABostonThe Bay StateApril 28, 1788
MichiganMILansingThe Great Lakes StateFebruary 6, 1788
MinnesotaMNSaint PaulThe North Star StateJanuary 26, 1837
MississippiMSJacksonThe Magnolia StateMay 11, 1858
MissouriMOJefferson CityThe Show Me StateDecember 10, 1817
MontanaMTHelenaThe Treasure StateAugust 10, 1821
NebraskaNELincolnThe Cornhusker StateNovember 8, 1889
NevadaNVCarson CityThe Silver StateMarch 1, 1867
New HampshireNHConcordThe Granite StateOctober 31, 1864
New JerseyNJTrentonThe Garden StateJanuary 6, 1912
New MexicoNMSanta FeThe Land of EnchantmentNovember 21, 1789
New YorkNYAlbanyThe Empire StateJune 21, 1788
North CarolinaNCRaleighThe Tar Heel StateJuly 26, 1788
North DakotaNDBismarckThe Peace Garden StateNovember 2, 1889
OhioOHColumbusThe Buckeye StateMarch 1, 1803
OklahomaOKOklahoma CityThe Sooner StateNovember 16, 1907
OregonORSalemThe Beaver StateFebruary 14, 1859
PennsylvaniaPAHarrisburgThe Keystone StateDecember 12, 1787
Rhode IslandRIProvidenceThe Ocean StateMay 29, 1790
South CarolinaSCColumbiaThe Palmetto StateDecember 18, 1787
South DakotaSDPierreMount Rushmore StateMay 23, 1788
TennesseeTNNashvilleThe Volunteer StateNovember 2, 1889
TexasTXAustinThe Lone Star StateJune 1, 1796
UtahUTSalt Lake CityThe Beehive StateJanuary4,1896
VermontVTMontpelierThe Green Mountain StateMarch4,1791
VirginiaVARichmondThe Old Dominion StateJune25,1788
WashingtonWAOlympiaThe Evergreen StateNovember11,1889
West VirginiaWVCharlestonThe Mountain StateJune 20, 1863
WisconsinWIMadisonThe Badger StateMay 29, 1848
WyomingWYCheyenneThe Equality or CowboyStateJuly 10, 1890
List of States in the USA

Area and Population of States in the USA

The total area of the USA is 9,833,520 square kilometers (3,794,100 square miles), making it the third-largest country in the world by total area, after Russia and Canada. The total area includes land and water areas within the international boundaries and coastlines of the USA.

Land area is 9,147,590 square kilometers (3,531,905 square miles), which is the land within the international boundaries and coastlines, excluding inland water bodies such as lakes and rivers.

And the water area is 685,930 square kilometers (264,837 square miles), which is the sum of the areas of inland water bodies, coastal waters, territorial waters, and exclusive economic zones.

The total population of the USA is around 339,996,563 as of the year 2023, making it the third-most populous country in the world, after India and China.

StateArea (sq mi) and Population
Alabama50,645 (30th) and 4,908,620 (24th)
Alaska665,384 (1st) and 731,545 (47th)
Arizona113,594 (6th) and 7,151,502 (14th)
Arkansas53,179 (27th) and 3,011,524 (32nd)
California163,695 (3rd) and 39,538,223 (1st)
Colorado104,094 (8th) and 5,773,714 (21st)
Connecticut5,543 (48th) and 3,597,080 (29th)
Delaware2,489 (49th) and 989,948 (44th)
Florida65,758 (22nd) and 21,538,187 (3rd)
Georgia59,425 (24th) and 10,711,908 (8th)
Hawaii10,931 (43rd) and 1,455,271 (39th)
Idaho83,569 (14th) and 1,839,106 (37th)
Illinois57,914 (25th) and 12,812,508 (6th)
Indiana36,420 (38th) and 6,785,528 (17th)
Iowa56,273 (23rd) and 3,190,369 (30th)
Kansas82,278 (15th) and 2,937,880 (34th)
Kentucky40,409 (37th) and 4,505,836 (26th)
Louisiana52,378 (28th) and 4,657,757 (25th)
Maine35,385 (39th) and 1,362,359 (41st)
Maryland12,407 (42nd) and 6,177,224 (18th)
Massachusetts10,554 (44th) and 7,029,917 (15th)
Michigan96,714 (11th) and 9,986,857 (10th)
Minnesota86,936 (12th) and 5,706,494 (22nd)
Mississippi48,432 (31st) and 2,961,279 (33rd)
Missouri69,707 (18th) and 6,154,913 (19th)
Montana147,040 (4th) and 1,084,225 (42nd)
Nebraska77,348 (16th) and 1,961,504 (36th)
Nevada110,572 (7th) and 3,104,614 (31st)
New Hampshire9,349 (45th) and 1,377,529 (40th)
New Jersey8,723 (47th) and 8,938,175 (11th)
New Mexico121,590 (5th) and 2,117,522 (35th)
New York54,556 (27th) and 20,201,249 (4th)
North Carolina53,819 (29th) and 10,439,388 (9th)
North Dakota70,698 (17th) and 779,094 (46th)
Ohio44,826 (34th) and 11,799,482 (7th)
Oklahoma69,899 (19th) and 3,959,353 (28th)
Oregon98,379 (10th) and 4,237,256 (27th)
Pennsylvania46,055 (33rd) and 13,002,700 (5th)
Rhode Island1,545 (50th) and 1,097,379 (43rd)
South Carolina32,020 (40th) and 5,118,425 (23rd)
South Dakota77,116 (17th) and 886,667 (45th)
Tennessee42,144 (36th) and 6,910,840 (16th)
Texas268,596 (2nd) and 29,145,505 (2nd)
Utah84,897 (13th) and 3,271,616 (29th)
Vermont9,616 (46th) and 643,077 (48th)
Virginia42,775 (35th) and 8,631,393 (12th)
Washington71,298 (18th) and 7,705,281 (13th)
West Virginia24,230 (41st) and 1,793,716 (38th)
Wisconsin65,496 (23rd) and 5,758,736 (20th)
Wyoming97,813 (9th) and 576,851 (49th)
Area and Population of States in the USA

Learning about the States in the USA is important and interesting for many reasons. The states play a vital role in the federal system of government, as they have their powers and responsibilities. The states also contribute to the economy, culture, and society of the USA, as they have their resources, industries, and identities. They also reflect the diversity and potential of the USA, as they have their histories, challenges, and opportunities.

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